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Staff Editorials

Rush to censorship online not in our best interests

    When social media lit up last week with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) video showing American journalist James Foley being beheaded, there was a quick outcry for the social media giants on which it appeared to take it down. Don’t watch it and definitely don’t share it was the call among Americans. The hashtag #ISISmediablackout went viral with Twitter users urging others not to share the video or any other graphic images released by the militant group.
    Twitter CEO Dick Costolo quickly announced that the company was “actively suspending accounts as we discover them related to this graphic imagery.” Similarly, YouTube removed versions of the video posted on its site, saying it violated its policy on “gratuitous violence, hate speech, and incitement to commit violent acts.”
    Yes, it is horrible. Yes, it makes us sick to see it. But as a Boston Globe columnist pointed out, would Foley himself have wanted the censorship? Would he have asked for a media blackout or would he have wanted “decent people everywhere to know – and, yes, to see – the crimes being committed by the ruthlessly indecent killers calling themselves the Islamic State?” The columnist said Foley went to Syria to document and expose the horrors there and the 4-minute 40-second video of the last moments of his life show just that.
    The First Amendment says the government may not restrict our speech, but it has nothing to do with privately-owned social media companies. Social media networks have the right to permit or restrict content – just as we here at the Progress can refuse to print things we deem inappropriate. But how those companies, us included, manage free speech raises ethical questions. In a democracy, just who does get to decide what is free speech and who gets to censor it in the public domain?
    These media platforms ban beheading videos yet still allow a video showing St. Louis police officers fatally shooting a 25-year-old man outside a convenience store last week to remain on their sites.
    Sites like YouTube and Twitter should not have the power to censor what content we can or cannot see. In America, unlike in China or Russia, the suppression of disturbing or offensive content - as long as it does not incite violence - is a violation of free speech.
    The reason why Twitter is Twitter is because anyone can go on it and pretty much say anything they want. There is no guy in a suit with an editorial board telling him what he can or can’t discuss on-air or in a newspaper. Yes, there are many things on sites like Twitter that are hurtful, vulgar, and noxious. But it can also be persuasive, stirring, heartbreaking, inspiring, compelling and informative.
     And, unlike the Progress or news stations with editorial boards or owners who make decisions about what their readership or viewership wants to see, Twitter and YouTube open up unfettered access to information.        
    The government is not involved and private corporations with their own agendas and shareholders are not involved. It is, at its core, free speech by free people in unedited form.
    We shouldn’t give tech giants the power to control our knowledge and limit what we see, hear and discuss. Social media organizations which increasingly decide what gets shared and by whom complicates free speech in an increasingly digital world.
    There are times when it is necessary to see and hear the evil for then perhaps we will be encouraged to do something about it.    

Drivers education, money that would be well spent

    Last week the Progress ran an article, where teens discussed the problem posed by the lack of drivers education in public schools.
    The teens generally said that with the schools not offering drivers education, it leaves a blind spot in learning to operate an automobile.
    To get a license at 16 years old, you need to complete a certified training class. You can wait a year and get the license at 17 without the class.
    After last week’s article one reader called pointing out that driving is a privilege, not a right, and the teens should deal with it. We disagree strongly.
    In debate terms, driving is a privilege, but in practical terms driving is a necessity – and, all the more so if you live in a rural or suburban setting.   
    There are two primary reasons we believe that at the local and state level funds need to be found to teach driving to every teen that can be lured into the classroom.
    First, for the benefit of the teen. To function in this rural setting, you must drive or have someone who has ample spare time to haul you around. Forcing teens to wait a full year to get that license may force them to wait a year until they land part-time work. For some Pickens families, another wage earner can be the difference between relative comfort and just scraping by. And the earlier some teens can drive, the sooner they can start making money for college.
    The lack of transportation surely affects anyone’s chance of landing a job as much as illiteracy or missing a high school diploma. If you can’t get there, no one is going to hire you and you would wait a long time in Pickens County for a bus to come by.
    Getting a vehicle also poses a big hurdle, but industrious teens often find ways to share a parent’s car or can work a deal for something  cheap that will get them to work and back.
    While there are likely readers fuming that they once walked as far as needed to get to work, it’s really not feasible for kids who live in the outlying areas of the county. Even if a kid were a marathon runner, you can’t expect him to get out of school at 3 p.m. on Dragon Drive and run to the Piggly Wiggly, Ingles or Kroger with almost no sidewalks and a lot of traffic, and then walk home to Marble Hill or Ludville, more than 10 miles away in the dark, after they finish their shift.
    The second, and much more significant reason, we believe drivers education should be brought back is for all of us: Consider this when you are cruising down the road: Where did that young person in the next car, learn to drive?
    There are private classes, but parents have to be willing to pay for them. Teens can wait until they are 17, but there is no reason to think they will absorb more road knowledge in that year. And parents could teach them, but just because you are a parent doesn’t mean you are a safe driver.
    The most dangerous thing we do is get on the roads. More so than Islamist terrorists, unsecured borders, climate change or Ebola viruses, car wrecks claim healthy lives in America. Except for the elderly, car crashes rank number one as the leading cause of death in most age groups.
    Anything we can do to lessen this danger on the highways, even if means shifting funds from one of the War on Somethings, would be money well spent.
    We fund and hope our schools develop in students a wide array of skills, from reading to cooking, so the idea that we ask them to teach driving makes a lot of sense.
    Money spent at either the state or local level to promote better drivers is money well spent for the teens and for all of us who venture on to the roads.

Botched executions inexcusable

    How hard is it to kill someone? Geez. This is not a rhetorical question.
    Our government can kill people in foreign countries without ever setting foot there with drones. Terrorists and gang members knock off innocent civilians all day long in some areas. Heck, poor choices in mixing pills seem to dispatch a number of celebs by accident.
    Yet with our prisons, the use of the death penalty is now in a more precarious position because apparently the executioners can’t get it right.
    In Arizona last week, a condemned man spent almost two hours on a gurney waiting to die after being given a state-ordered lethal injection. Prison officials said he slept peacefully after the first drugs sedated him, but the drugs to stop his life still took as long as some movies.
    If Jack the Ripper or the Son of Sam had worked at this pace, they would have grown old without attaining serial killer status.
    The prolonged job in Arizona was preceded by an absolute mess in Oklahoma this spring when an inmate was given the lethal injection and didn’t die peacefully. In fact, the events looked so gruesome prison officials were attempting to call the whole thing off when the man succumbed to a heart attack.
    A third execution in Ohio, also this year, was similar in the lack of effective drugs with prolonged laying on a gurney.
    The majority of Americans favor the death penalty, according to polls, but the inability to efficiently carry out the orders without creating scenes of cruel and unusual suffering is crucial. America can’t have poorly-handled executions giving more ammunition for those already seeking to abolish capital punishment.
    If we are going to continue with the death penalty as an option in our justice system, we need a system of carrying it out that works reasonably well. It should be noted that even in the modern era some states have authorized alternative methods of execution - 8 states authorized electrocution; 3 states lethal gas; 3 states hanging; and 2 states firing squad, according to the Department of Justice website.
    Maybe it is time to return to one of the other forms. The French still used their antiquated but effective guillotine until 1977 when they abolished the death penalty.
    The many people who argue that those condemned to death certainly didn’t give this amount of consideration to their victims are correct. In an eye-for-eye scenario, there is a lot of leeway. But in a practical American justice system, that argument doesn’t hold water – regardless of personal opinions.
    In California, one state court case already questions whether making someone sit for decades on death row with an uncertain execution date constitutes unusual punishment – just because of the decades of uncertainty.
    It is certain that anyone sentenced to death has a good chance of succumbing to natural causes before the sentence is carried out. The 43 inmates executed in America during 2012 had an average time on death row of 15 years and 10 months and this average had actually dropped quite a bit from those executed in 2011 – who had been there a longer time on average.
    With the longer stays, the number of inmates on death row continues to grow, reaching a total of more than 3,030 people sitting in federal and state prisons sentenced to die based on the latest figures at the Department of Justice website.
    It should be noted that not all states have a death penalty and, of those sitting on death rows, more than half the total number come from just four states (California with 712 has by far the largest population; Florida, Texas and Pennsylvania are the next three). Georgia has a middle of the road figure of 95 in the latest figures, released by the Department of Justice on their website which has totals from Dec. 31, 2012.
    As the old adage says if you are going to do something, do it correctly. This is particularly important with the death penalty; if it can’t be done right, legal challenges are going to take the choice away.

Summer’s End :-)

    Summer is great. Awesome even. And after nearly 40 weeks of school a mere 10 weeks of summer seems so small.
    Trading  sleeping, snacks,  iPads, music, toys, TV, video games, family time, and going outside for homework, bullies, mean teachers, math, and crowded hallways may not be the most exciting thing for many students but others among us are ready.
    While there will inevitably be tears of sorrow - we’re talking to you moms and dads with kids heading to school for the first time- lots of us are excited.
    After weeks of summer many kids have had time to get bored at home and long for daily interaction with their peers. And for those families with siblings, imagine a day without breaking up the bickering that comes with spending time with anyone - especially a brother or sister - for days and weeks on end. Usually, by the time we’ve seen all 10 weeks of summer vacation, the bickering has escalated to perverse proportions. 
    So, as Pickens students and parents head back to class Monday we’d like to offer some do’s and don’ts.
    • Don’t linger. Parents, that first day of school can be scary (not so much for the kids but for us) but it’s best not to linger around the classroom. Your kids have stuff to do and the teachers have a whole slew of kids to show the ropes to. If you give a long, drawn out, this-seems-like-the-last-time-I’ll-ever-see-you kind of hug, you’re child’s anxiety level will go through the roof.
    • Don’t pack beanie-weenies for lunch, but try the salsbury steak. It’s actually pretty good. 
    • Don’t throw bread crumbs when you walk down the halls so you can trace a path back to your locker.
    • Don’t decorate the outside of your locker with pictures from your family vacation.
    • Don’t wear something you’re not used to - like five-inch heels or a cape, or a shirt that says “Down with Teachers.”
    • Set a firm line between helping your child with homework and doing it for them. Many of us probably need a refresher in geometry, but nothing is gained by doing the assignment for them.
    • Do have patience in car pick-up and drop-off lines. The first few weeks are always hectic as parents learn proper protocols.
    • Do be proud of yourself and all the things you have the ability to accomplish this year.
    • Lose the drama, mommas – dads too. It’s a prudent policy for parents to resist getting involved in the social lives of teens and pre-teens.
    • That being said, check in regularly with YOUR child and don’t be afraid to ask about their friends and where they are going. Just don’t become part of, or add to, the drama.
    • Do get excited about the possibility for making new friends, learning new things, and getting involved in new sports or band or chorus or a club.
    •Do be nice to someone who other people look over or pick on. A kind word can last a lifetime.
    •Do something outside of your comfort zone. If you’re shy, raise your hand to answer a question. Try out for the talent show if you’ve always wanted to. One thing adults regret most about their youth is not taking chances on things they wanted to do. 
    • Seniors: Do skip school one day. This may not be very popular advice among adults or administrators but as school starts back, we’re reminded of Ferris Bueller’s Day Off. Unless you’re chronically missing school, you can afford to go on an adventure that none of you will ever forget.
    • Parents please  remember you were in school once and presumably survived – consider for a second that most of us parents with school-aged kids today came of age in a world with much less social media. There were also no cell phones for constant check-ins, no groups or programs designed to keep kids off drugs, a time when bullying of nerds by jocks was considered standard campus life, a time when a gun in a student’s car might get admired by a teacher without any security thoughts in mind. And yet, we all survived.  Your kids will too.

I paid $9.99 for a virtual Fruit Ninja

    By Angela Reinhardt, Staff writer
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    I grew up in your garden-variety, middle-class American household in the 80s and 90s so I’m no stranger to video games.
    My sister and I played Sega (we had a Sega Master System and later upgraded to the Genesis console). I enjoyed the futuristic game Fantasy Zone, which let me maneuver my space ship “Opa Opa” through each level to collect coins so I could spend them in the weapons store.
    Even though I rarely play video games now, I let my children have tablets and gaming consoles - but after my 8-year-old son spent over $200 in real money (mine and my husband’s money) for virtual goods just like the ones I collected in Fantasy Zone, we may follow the lead of the neo-Luddites and ban games made after the turn of the century.
    I consider myself to be fairly competent when it comes to electronics, but I’m not a gadget person – and apparently companies like Apple, X Box and Amazon prey on people like me.
    In what I now call the “Kindle incident,” I caved and bought my son $1.99 worth of virtual coins for a free game we downloaded from the app store. The purchase required a password and (like any rational person would have) I assumed each subsequent purchase would require another password entry.
    Wrong. The next day I discovered 15 separate charges on my online bank account for thousands of virtual coins. Total charged? $150.00. Total time taken to charge? Five minutes.
    Apparently Amazon has a “convenient” password lapse that allowed my son to make rapid-fire purchases without my permission.  
    When I called Amazon I was shocked at how easy it was to have the purchases reversed –a little too easy, I thought. It was obvious they did this all the time.
    “Does this happen a lot?” I asked.
    “Oh, yes,” the lady said. “Just be glad it wasn’t worse. We’ve had them get up in the thousands.”
    In a surprising display of candidness she told me that while Amazon “strongly encourages parents to use ‘Kindle Free Time’ to control kids’ usage,” they rarely refuse to reverse unwanted charges. In fact, she had personally never made a refusal.
    After the “Kindle Incident” my husband and I were more diligent about guarding tablet usage, but in a one-two sucker punch we were clothes-lined again last week when my son got an X Box from his grandparents as an early birthday present.
    My in-laws bought Plants vs. Zombies: Garden Warfare to go with the system without realizing it requires a subscription to X Box Live Gold - and I caved again. I agreed to try the service for three months ($24.99) because Auri was so excited about the game. I had to create an account and enter my credit information (I later found out you can buy pre-paid cards for X Box Live and keep your information safe).
    After struggling through many frustrating hours of figuring how to download upgrades that wouldn’t fit on the hard drive (I had to delete demo games to get them to work), Auri could finally play.    
     Then like getting struck by lightening twice,  I checked my email the next morning and found cheerful confirmation letters informing me I had successfully purchased; a Fruit Ninja ($9.99); a Wedge Helmet (.99 cents); a Wedge Uniform ($1.99); Hydro-Thunder (whatever it is, cost $14.99); and $17 worth of coins.
    I thought about the phrase “Fool me once shame on you; fool me twice shame on me,” but I quickly realized I shouldn’t feel ashamed at all. My in-laws paid 30 bucks for that game. Why should I think it would cost more to play it?
    And it looks like I’m not alone with my frustration because just a few weeks ago the Federal Trade Commission sued Amazon for unauthorized charges made by kids, while earlier this year Apple agreed to settle a similar FTC complaint at the tune of $32 million.
    Are the suits fair? You better believe it – and I doubt if Apple (and Amazon when they lose) will be paying that balance off in virtual coins.